效率極低人群之七大習慣(牛津大學通過對1050名在校大學生最新調查研究結果,後附英文原版!!超值分享!!

  1. 與通常所列舉的應該培養的有益習慣不同,本文在此舉出的是我們最好避免的7種習慣。

    就像尋找對你有益的習慣一樣,尋找妨礙你的習慣同樣重要。這7種習慣中大多數都可能會輕易成為你日常生活的一部分,使你難以察覺它的存在(或者它如何影響到你)。我曾經略微嚐試了這些習慣,結果毫無疑問,那些重要的事情沒有幾個可以完成。同時我也要添加說明的是,這隻是在生活中你可能形成的影響效率的主要的7個習慣,我很確定絕不僅僅是這些。

    1、缺席。



    也許你曾經聽過伍迪·艾倫所說的這句話:

    “百分之八十的成功來自於出席。”



    更多的出席——這是在生活中你可以保證更多成功所做的最大也是最簡單的事情之一,無論是在你的社交生活中,你的事業上還是你的健康方麵。如果你想要改善你的健康狀況,一個最重要也是最有效的事情就是在每次你該出席時出現在健身房裏。



    也許天氣會不好,也許你會不想出門,也許你有一大堆其他必須要做的事情。但是,如果即使你在積極性不高時仍然繼續出現在健身房裏,那將比你呆在家裏的沙發上放鬆要有效的多。



    我想這個也可以推及到生活的其他領域。如果你每天都堅持寫作或繪畫,你就會快速的得到提高。如果你更多的出門你就可以遇到更多的新朋友。如果你參加更多的約會,你遇到心上人的機會就會大大提高。僅僅隻是更多出席就會使你的生活大大不同。而缺席卻會使你毫無收獲。



    2、拖拖拉拉。



    為了簡化,我將最喜歡的3種擺脫拖拉情況的方法列舉如下:



    -吞食青蛙。也就是說在一天的最開始就完成那些最艱難最重要的工作。早上良好的開始會讓你一天都保持高昂的情緒和積極的動力。這通常會使你這一天都十分高效。



    -你如何吃掉一頭大象呢?不要打算一口吃成胖子,這會使你感到過多負擔以至於產生拖延的念頭。把一項工作分為若幹可付諸於行動的小步驟,然後僅僅關注第一步直到把它完成,接下來再繼續下一步。



    -說服自己。我發現這種向導型調整十分有效。就在我花了20分鍾躺在床上反複默念在這幾天裏我都十分高效之後,我就不再會陷入拖拉的情況或者瀏覽1至5個我喜愛的網站尋找更新信息的必要。



    3、做一些無關緊要的事情。



    除了拖拖拉拉以外,你最容易陷入的不良習慣之一就是忙於一些無關緊要的事情之中。



    為了提高效率你也許需要某種時間管理方法。它可能會是一件極為簡單的事情,比如在一天的開始使用80/20法則。80/20法則,也就是我們通常所熟悉的帕累托法則認為, 80%的收獲源自20%的努力。所以為求高效你應該將你精力的大部分集中在那些極少數重要的事情上。



    當使用這個法則時你隻需按優先順序寫下這一天你需要做的3件最重要的事情,然後從頭做起。即使你隻能完成其中的一件事,你仍然完成了今天最重要的事情。也許你也會偏愛其他諸如GTD等方法。但是無論你如何組織工作,最關鍵的還是尋找那些最重要的工作,這樣你就不必花費幾天,幾個星期甚至幾個月的時間去忙於那些並不是很重要的事情。如果這些事情無關緊要,那麼即使你快速的完成它們也是沒有多大用處的。



    4、多慮。



    因為多慮而很少采取行動。陷於無窮的分析之中隻會使你虛度光陰。行動之前加以思考是沒有錯的。做一些調查研究,製定一個計劃,探究可能存在的積極以及不利因素。



    但是強製性的反複思考就會成為另外一種浪費時間的做法了。在嚐試之前你沒有必要去從每一個角度檢查每一件事情。而且你也不可以等到一個最完美的時間再去做事,因為這樣的時間從來不會出現。如果你繼續這樣思考就隻會使自己陷的越來越深,從而使采取行動變得越來越難。相反,雖然思考在一定程度上對你有所幫助,但你現在需要做的就隻是停止思考,然後去做那些你應該做的事情。



    5、凡事過於消極。



    當你凡事都從消極方麵考慮時,你的積極性就會被大大打擊。你會發現到處都是問題和錯誤,而這些問題是本不存在的。你抓住細節不放。如果你想要尋找一個不做某事的理由,這當然沒有問題。而當你從一個消極角度看問題時,每次你都可能找出十個借口。



    因此你幾乎一事無成。你向任何願意傾聽的人訴苦(也許很多人並不想聽),抱怨你的工作,生活和領導有多麼的差勁。你的生活取決於你如何看待這個世界,這已經成為一個能夠自我實現的預測。



    對此的一個解決方法就是了解消極方麵的限度,認識到你的消極思考並不是這個世界的真實寫照。然後不妨嚐試一些其他的角度。舉例來說,你可以嚐試著培養一下凡事從更為積極和樂觀的角度思考的習慣,這會對你大有幫助。通過這種方式,你也許就會開始嚐試這種積極性的挑戰。這並不容易,然而如果你接受了這種挑戰,連續7天都隻從積極方麵思考,你就會突然意識到你看問題的角度和想法是如此深刻地影響著你對世界的理解和你所得到的成果。



    6、固執己見,與世隔絕。



    人們很難去承認自己的想法不是最佳選擇,因此你越來越執著於自己的想法,變得閉目塞聽。這會讓你很難取得進步,比如說效率就會很難提高。在這種情況下,即使認真思考改變人生的可能性都會變得很難。



    顯然,解決方法之一就是打開心胸。開闊視野,從他人和自己的錯誤中汲取教訓,從書籍等資源中獲取知識。與任何事一樣,這事說起來容易做起來難。正如前麵所說,對此我的建議就是認識到你的知識領域畢竟是有限的,而你做事的方式也會存在不足。那麼不妨就嚐試一下新事物吧。



    而我的另一條建議就是,閱讀一下埃克哈特·托利的《新天地》,特別是有關Ego的章節。正如托利所建議的,如果你不再像Ego那樣思考,你就會更加容易接受新思想,拋棄那些已經無用的舊思想。另外我想要補充說明的就是:不要迷信書本,也不要盲目追求新的信息,否則你就會成為一個沉迷於自我幫助的人。在行動中運用那些新信息和你學到的事情,然後加以嚐試。



    7、持續信息過剩。



    信息過剩並不是說你過多的閱讀,我所指的是所有輸入信息的過剩。如果你讓所有的信息都湧進大腦,這當然會導致難於清晰思考,因為刺激源太多了。以下就是這種習慣可能會存在的弊端:



    -你所接受的一些信息也許會是消極的。媒體和周圍環境會因種種原因提供一種消極的信息。如果你沒有根據需要對信息加以選擇,也許你就會陷入消極之中,從而影響到你的所思,所感,所為。



    -這會使你急於追趕當今發生的事情,然而每時每刻都有十幾件事同時發生,想要追趕上它們幾乎是不可能的事情。你的生活會因此充滿壓力。



    -如果你持續被信息轟炸,並且還試圖將所有信息分類,那麼你將很難做出決定並采取行動。就我個人而言,如果我得到過多的信息,就會造成某種形式上的癱瘓,一事無成。或者你會被這種習慣所困,終日急於忙碌在一些非重要的事情上。



    為了可以集中精力,清晰思考並付諸行動,你就需要在吸取信息時更有選擇性。當你工作時盡可能的避免那些分散注意力的事物。關掉電話,斷開網絡,關上大門。你就會不可思議的發現,當你沒有每隔五分鍾就被打擾一次,沒有機會因瀏覽RSS-feeds或喜愛的網站而拖延時,居然可以完成這麼多的事情。



    現在並不是說我建議你們停止閱讀所有的博客或報紙。但是一定要清楚哪些是你真正想要閱讀的,哪些隻是用來打發時間的。同時你也可以查看其他開闊性信息的領域。



    比如說,你沒有必要陷入所有來自周圍環境的消極情緒。如果周圍的所有人都在拖延或者焦急的忙於各種非重要的事情時,你會很容易被這種情緒所影響。如果你有一扇心靈之門,關上它而去關注更為重要的事情,這會是個不錯的主意。






    7 Habits of Highly Ineffective People

    By Henrik Edberg

    With a twist to the common list of habits that are useful to establish, here are 7 habits that you do best to avoid.

    Just like finding habits that can be useful for you it’s important to find habits that are holding you back. Most of these 7 habits can easily become such a normal, everyday part of life that you hardly notice it (or how it’s affecting you). I’ve dabbled with all of them quite a bit. Not surprisingly I didn’t get much of the important stuff done. I´d also like to add that these are just 7 broad habits you can establish to become highly ineffective in most parts of your life. I pretty sure there are several more.



    1. Not showing up.

    Maybe you’ve heard this quote by Woody Allen:

    “Eighty percent of success is showing up”

    One of the biggest and simplest thing you can do to ensure more success in your life – whether it be in your social life, your career or with your health – is simply to show up more. If you want to improve your health then one of the most important and effective things you can do is just to show up at the gym every time you should be there.

    The weather might be bad, you might not feel like going and you find yourself having all these other things you just must do. If you still go, if you show up at the gym when motivation is low you will improve a whole lot faster than if you just stayed at home relaxing on the sofa.

    I think this applies to most areas of life. If you write or paint more, each day perhaps, you will improve quickly. If you get out more you can meet more new friends. If you go on more dates you chances of meeting someone special increases. Just showing up more can really make a big difference. Not showing up will not get you anywhere.



    2. Procrastinating half the day. To keep it short, my 3 favourite ways to get out of a procrastinating state are:

    - Swallow that frog. What´s this means is simply to do the hardest and most important task of the day first thing in the morning. A good start in the morning lifts your spirits and creates a positive momentum for the rest of the day. That often creates a pretty productive day.

    - How do you eat an elephant? Don´t try to take it all in one big bite. It becomes overwhelming which leads to procrastination. Split a task into small actionable steps. Then just focus on the first step and nothing else. Just do that one until it’s done. Then move on to the next step.

    - The Get around to It Paraliminal. I find this guided mediation to be very useful. After 20 minutes of mostly just lying on my bed and listening I’m far more productive for a few days. I don´t feel the urge to sink into that procrastinating state or the need to find out what’s new over at one or five of my favourite websites.



    3. When actually doing something, doing something that isn’t the most important thing right now.

    One of the easiest habits to get stuck in, besides procrastinating, is to keep yourself busy with unimportant tasks.

    To be effective you probably need some kind of time management-system. It might be something really simple, like using the 80/20-rule at the beginning of each day. The 80/20 rule, or the Pareto Principle as it´s also known, says that you´ll get 80 percent of your results from only 20 percent of your tasks and activities. So you need to focus most of your energy on those few important tasks to be effective.

    When you have prioritized using this rule just write down the top 3 most important things you need to do that day. Then, from the top, start doing them. Even if you just get one of the things done, you have still done the most important thing you could do today. You may perhaps prefer some other system, such as GTD. But however you organise your work it’s still of highest priority to find the most important tasks so you don’t spend days, weeks or months doing busywork that isn’t that essential anyway. Just getting things done faster isn’t that useful if the things you get done are unimportant to you.



    4. Thinking too much.

    And thereby seldom taking action. Paralysis by analysis can waste years of your life. There is nothing wrong with thinking before you do something. Do some research, make a plan, explore potential upsides and problems.

    But compulsively thinking and thinking and thinking is just another way to waste your time. You don’t have to examine everything from every angle before you try it. And you can’t wait for the perfect time to do something. That time never comes. And if you keep thinking you’ll just dig yourself down deeper and deeper and taking action will become more and more difficult. Instead you just need to stop thinking. Shut of your mind – it just helps you up to a point – and go do whatever you need to do.



    5. Seeing the negative and downsides in just about anything.

    When you see everything from a negative perspective you quickly punch a hole in your own motivation. You find faults everywhere and problems where there are really none. You cling to details. If you want to find a reason to not do something then that’s no problem. From a negative viewpoint you can find ten reasons every time.

    And so very little gets done, you whine to anyone who wants to hear – and many who don’t – about how crappy your job, life and boss is. Which becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy as you create the life that is appropriate considering how think and see your world.

    A solution is to realise the limits of a negative perspective. And that your perspective isn’t some kind of 100% true picture of the world. Then try other perspectives. For instance, trying to establish a habit of seeing things in a more positive and optimistic light can be quite useful. In that vein, you may want to try the Positivity Challenge. It´s not easy, but if you do the challenge and try to only think positive thoughts for 7 days it can give you an insight in how much your perspective and beliefs changes how you interpret your world. And what results you get.



    6. Clinging to your own thoughts and being closed to outside influences.

    It can be hard to admit that what you thought or believed was not the best alternative. So you cling to your thoughts harder and harder and keep your mind closed. This makes it hard to improve and for instance to become more effective. Even really considering the possibility that you can change your life can be difficult in this position.

    One solution, obviously, is to open up more. To open up and learn from the mistakes of others, from your own mistakes and from other sources like books. This is easy to say though. It can, as almost anything, be harder to do. One suggestion I have is to, like I said about the previous habit, realise the limits of what you know and the way you going about things. And then just try something new.

    Another tip is to read A New Earth by Eckhart Tolle and especially look at the chapters about the Ego. If you stop identifying so much with your thoughts and your Ego, as Tolle prescribes, it becomes a whole a lot easier to let new ideas and thoughts come into your life. And to let go of old thoughts that aren’t useful to you anymore. On the other hand I’d like to add and counter-balance with these tips: don’t get stuck in reading, in just taking in new information either or you might become a self-help junkie. Use the new information, put what you have learned in to action and try it out.



    7. Constantly on information overload.

    With information overload I don’t just mean that you read a lot. I pretty much mean an overload in all input. If you just let all information flow into your mind it will be hard to think clearly. It’s just too much stimulation. A few more potential downsides to this habit are:

    - Some of the input you receive will be negative. The media and your surroundings often put a negative spin on things for various reasons. If you aren´t selective in what input you want in your life then you’ll be dragged into this negativity too. This affects how you think, feel and act.

    - It creates an urge to keep up with what’s happening but there are always ten more things happening so you can’t keep up. This makes life stressful.

    - It becomes hard to make decisions and take action if your mind is constantly bombarded with information or trying to sort through it all. Personally I find that if I get too much information it leads to a sort of paralysis. Not much get´s done. Or you get stuck in habit #3 and keep busy, busy, busy at high speed with low priority activities.

    To be able to focus, think more clearly and take action it´s useful to be more selective in what you let into your mind. When you work shut out as much distractions as possible. Shut off the phone, internet and shut the door. It is strange how much you can get done when you aren´t interrupted every fifth minute or have the opportunity to procrastinate by checking your RSS-feeds or favourite websites.

    Now I´m not suggesting that you should stop reading all blogs or newspapers. But think about what you really want to read and what you read just read to fill your time. And have a look at other areas of input where the doors are wide-open.

    For instance, you don´t have to let in all the negative emotions from your surroundings. If everyone else are procrastinating or are anxiously keeping themselves busy by doing low-priority tasks at warp speed it´s easy to be influenced by that mood. If you have a door, then it might be good idea to shut it and focus on doing more important things.
    gh鬼o鬼st(INFP) 發表於 2016-08-01 修改回複喜歡(2)
    • 大慶愛小青(ISTJ)2014-06-12
      說得很準!
      刪除回複@TA
    • 鼠先生(ENFJ)2014-01-21
      @久雨sunshine 想象一下,畫麵挺有趣![齜牙] 其實也沒什麼不好啊
      刪除回複@TA
    • (INFJ)2014-01-20
      我就是效率極低的人,每次上課我都會從老師講的內容中尋找笑點,再興致勃勃地分享給同桌,然後呢寫作業的時候經常一邊寫一邊思考人生哲學,然後呢就是專心至致思考人生哲學,然後呢就沒有然後了!![流淚]
      刪除回複@TA
    • TheTruth(ENTJ)2014-01-09
      有道理,3.6.7我中了。
      刪除回複@TA
    • yaonichengganma2014-01-07
      [鼓掌]
      刪除回複@TA
    • 筱霄齊(INFP)2013-07-19
      [乒乓]
      刪除回複@TA
    • 已注銷(INFP)2013-07-18
      這貼孑已經滿天飛了啊,所有帳號上都見過
      刪除回複@TA
    • bummer(ISTJ)2013-07-18
      我算是看到了多麼醜陋,多麼糟糕的自己了,也算是明白自己為什麼這麼爛了,必須改掉 缺席, 拖拉 , 做一些無關緊要的事,多慮,凡事過於消極,固執己見,輸入信息過剩
      刪除回複@TA
    • ♂方不敗(ISFP)2013-05-30
      暈,全了
      刪除回複@TA
    • 必要自主(INTJ)2013-04-15
      我效率不高主要原因是覺得生活缺乏意義,常常陷入虛無主義
      刪除回複@TA
    • 未命名(INTP)2013-04-13
      全占。。。
      刪除回複@TA
    • 鋒刃透骨寒(INTJ)2013-04-13
      @無 扭轉社會價值觀?
      刪除回複@TA
    • 鋒刃透骨寒(INTJ)2013-04-13
      中槍了,學習了
      刪除回複@TA
    • windflyinglx(ENTP)2013-04-12
      @巴拉巴拉 ENTJ也會受這些壞習慣困擾麼?
      刪除回複@TA
    • someway(ESFJ)2013-03-24
      good!!我占了好幾項,怪不得工作做不好,生活一團亂呢
      刪除回複@TA
    • 劍俠嘻嘻嘻(ISTJ)2013-03-23
      嗯嗯,不錯,立即付諸行動!
      刪除回複@TA
    • 可欣(ESTJ)2013-03-23
      我也看到自己的壞習慣全中==
      刪除回複@TA
    • 巴拉巴拉(ENTJ)2013-03-22
      改變錯誤的習慣
      刪除回複@TA
    • babylynne(ENFP)2013-01-08
      恩。現在就趕緊著手去做需要立刻得到解決的事情。3篇論文!趕緊的!
      刪除回複@TA
    • cpucyh2012-12-17
      基本全占了。這次一定要把內心的觸動化成實際行動,再也不“缺席”“消極”“多慮”“做無關緊要的事”泡論壇看娛樂八卦市井奇聞。。。。
      刪除回複@TA
    • xinbo(ENTJ)2011-12-16
      與通常所列舉的應該培養的有益習慣不同,本文在此舉出的是我們最好避免的7種習慣。



      就像尋找對你有益的習慣一樣,尋找妨礙你的習慣同樣重要。這7種習慣中大多數都可能會輕易成為你日常生活的一部分,使你難以察覺它的存在(或者它如何影響到你)。我曾經略微嚐試了這些習慣,結果毫無疑問,那些重要的事情沒有幾個可以完成。同時我也要添加說明的是,這隻是在生活中你可能形成的影響效率的主要的7個習慣,我很確定絕不僅僅是這些。



      1、缺席。







      也許你曾經聽過伍迪·艾倫所說的這句話:



      “百分之八十的成功來自於出席。”







      更多的出席——這是在生活中你可以保證更多成功所做的最大也是最簡單的事情之一,無論是在你的社交生活中,你的事業上還是你的健康方麵。如果你想要改善你的健康狀況,一個最重要也是最有效的事情就是在每次你該出席時出現在健身房裏。







      也許天氣會不好,也許你會不想出門,也許你有一大堆其他必須要做的事情。但是,如果即使你在積極性不高時仍然繼續出現在健身房裏,那將比你呆在家裏的沙發上放鬆要有效的多。







      我想這個也可以推及到生活的其他領域。如果你每天都堅持寫作或繪畫,你就會快速的得到提高。如果你更多的出門你就可以遇到更多的新朋友。如果你參加更多的約會,你遇到心上人的機會就會大大提高。僅僅隻是更多出席就會使你的生活大大不同。而缺席卻會使你毫無收獲。







      2、拖拖拉拉。







      為了簡化,我將最喜歡的3種擺脫拖拉情況的方法列舉如下:







      -吞食青蛙。也就是說在一天的最開始就完成那些最艱難最重要的工作。早上良好的開始會讓你一天都保持高昂的情緒和積極的動力。這通常會使你這一天都十分高效。







      -你如何吃掉一頭大象呢?不要打算一口吃成胖子,這會使你感到過多負擔以至於產生拖延的念頭。把一項工作分為若幹可付諸於行動的小步驟,然後僅僅關注第一步直到把它完成,接下來再繼續下一步。







      -說服自己。我發現這種向導型調整十分有效。就在我花了20分鍾躺在床上反複默念在這幾天裏我都十分高效之後,我就不再會陷入拖拉的情況或者瀏覽1至5個我喜愛的網站尋找更新信息的必要。







      3、做一些無關緊要的事情。







      除了拖拖拉拉以外,你最容易陷入的不良習慣之一就是忙於一些無關緊要的事情之中。







      為了提高效率你也許需要某種時間管理方法。它可能會是一件極為簡單的事情,比如在一天的開始使用80/20法則。80/20法則,也就是我們通常所熟悉的帕累托法則認為, 80%的收獲源自20%的努力。所以為求高效你應該將你精力的大部分集中在那些極少數重要的事情上。







      當使用這個法則時你隻需按優先順序寫下這一天你需要做的3件最重要的事情,然後從頭做起。即使你隻能完成其中的一件事,你仍然完成了今天最重要的事情。也許你也會偏愛其他諸如GTD等方法。但是無論你如何組織工作,最關鍵的還是尋找那些最重要的工作,這樣你就不必花費幾天,幾個星期甚至幾個月的時間去忙於那些並不是很重要的事情。如果這些事情無關緊要,那麼即使你快速的完成它們也是沒有多大用處的。







      4、多慮。







      因為多慮而很少采取行動。陷於無窮的分析之中隻會使你虛度光陰。行動之前加以思考是沒有錯的。做一些調查研究,製定一個計劃,探究可能存在的積極以及不利因素。







      但是強製性的反複思考就會成為另外一種浪費時間的做法了。在嚐試之前你沒有必要去從每一個角度檢查每一件事情。而且你也不可以等到一個最完美的時間再去做事,因為這樣的時間從來不會出現。如果你繼續這樣思考就隻會使自己陷的越來越深,從而使采取行動變得越來越難。相反,雖然思考在一定程度上對你有所幫助,但你現在需要做的就隻是停止思考,然後去做那些你應該做的事情。







      5、凡事過於消極。







      當你凡事都從消極方麵考慮時,你的積極性就會被大大打擊。你會發現到處都是問題和錯誤,而這些問題是本不存在的。你抓住細節不放。如果你想要尋找一個不做某事的理由,這當然沒有問題。而當你從一個消極角度看問題時,每次你都可能找出十個借口。







      因此你幾乎一事無成。你向任何願意傾聽的人訴苦(也許很多人並不想聽),抱怨你的工作,生活和領導有多麼的差勁。你的生活取決於你如何看待這個世界,這已經成為一個能夠自我實現的預測。







      對此的一個解決方法就是了解消極方麵的限度,認識到你的消極思考並不是這個世界的真實寫照。然後不妨嚐試一些其他的角度。舉例來說,你可以嚐試著培養一下凡事從更為積極和樂觀的角度思考的習慣,這會對你大有幫助。通過這種方式,你也許就會開始嚐試這種積極性的挑戰。這並不容易,然而如果你接受了這種挑戰,連續7天都隻從積極方麵思考,你就會突然意識到你看問題的角度和想法是如此深刻地影響著你對世界的理解和你所得到的成果。







      6、固執己見,與世隔絕。







      人們很難去承認自己的想法不是最佳選擇,因此你越來越執著於自己的想法,變得閉目塞聽。這會讓你很難取得進步,比如說效率就會很難提高。在這種情況下,即使認真思考改變人生的可能性都會變得很難。







      顯然,解決方法之一就是打開心胸。開闊視野,從他人和自己的錯誤中汲取教訓,從書籍等資源中獲取知識。與任何事一樣,這事說起來容易做起來難。正如前麵所說,對此我的建議就是認識到你的知識領域畢竟是有限的,而你做事的方式也會存在不足。那麼不妨就嚐試一下新事物吧。







      而我的另一條建議就是,閱讀一下埃克哈特·托利的《新天地》,特別是有關Ego的章節。正如托利所建議的,如果你不再像Ego那樣思考,你就會更加容易接受新思想,拋棄那些已經無用的舊思想。另外我想要補充說明的就是:不要迷信書本,也不要盲目追求新的信息,否則你就會成為一個沉迷於自我幫助的人。在行動中運用那些新信息和你學到的事情,然後加以嚐試。







      7、持續信息過剩。







      信息過剩並不是說你過多的閱讀,我所指的是所有輸入信息的過剩。如果你讓所有的信息都湧進大腦,這當然會導致難於清晰思考,因為刺激源太多了。以下就是這種習慣可能會存在的弊端:







      -你所接受的一些信息也許會是消極的。媒體和周圍環境會因種種原因提供一種消極的信息。如果你沒有根據需要對信息加以選擇,也許你就會陷入消極之中,從而影響到你的所思,所感,所為。







      -這會使你急於追趕當今發生的事情,然而每時每刻都有十幾件事同時發生,想要追趕上它們幾乎是不可能的事情。你的生活會因此充滿壓力。







      -如果你持續被信息轟炸,並且還試圖將所有信息分類,那麼你將很難做出決定並采取行動。就我個人而言,如果我得到過多的信息,就會造成某種形式上的癱瘓,一事無成。或者你會被這種習慣所困,終日急於忙碌在一些非重要的事情上。







      為了可以集中精力,清晰思考並付諸行動,你就需要在吸取信息時更有選擇性。當你工作時盡可能的避免那些分散注意力的事物。關掉電話,斷開網絡,關上大門。你就會不可思議的發現,當你沒有每隔五分鍾就被打擾一次,沒有機會因瀏覽RSS-feeds或喜愛的網站而拖延時,居然可以完成這麼多的事情。







      現在並不是說我建議你們停止閱讀所有的博客或報紙。但是一定要清楚哪些是你真正想要閱讀的,哪些隻是用來打發時間的。同時你也可以查看其他開闊性信息的領域。







      比如說,你沒有必要陷入所有來自周圍環境的消極情緒。如果周圍的所有人都在拖延或者焦急的忙於各種非重要的事情時,你會很容易被這種情緒所影響。如果你有一扇心靈之門,關上它而去關注更為重要的事情,這會是個不錯的主意。













      7 Habits of Highly Ineffective People



      By Henrik Edberg



      With a twist to the common list of habits that are useful to establish, here are 7 habits that you do best to avoid.



      Just like finding habits that can be useful for you it’s important to find habits that are holding you back. Most of these 7 habits can easily become such a normal, everyday part of life that you hardly notice it (or how it’s affecting you). I’ve dabbled with all of them quite a bit. Not surprisingly I didn’t get much of the important stuff done. I´d also like to add that these are just 7 broad habits you can establish to become highly ineffective in most parts of your life. I pretty sure there are several more.







      1. Not showing up.



      Maybe you’ve heard this quote by Woody Allen:



      “Eighty percent of success is showing up”



      One of the biggest and simplest thing you can do to ensure more success in your life – whether it be in your social life, your career or with your health – is simply to show up more. If you want to improve your health then one of the most important and effective things you can do is just to show up at the gym every time you should be there.



      The weather might be bad, you might not feel like going and you find yourself having all these other things you just must do. If you still go, if you show up at the gym when motivation is low you will improve a whole lot faster than if you just stayed at home relaxing on the sofa.



      I think this applies to most areas of life. If you write or paint more, each day perhaps, you will improve quickly. If you get out more you can meet more new friends. If you go on more dates you chances of meeting someone special increases. Just showing up more can really make a big difference. Not showing up will not get you anywhere.







      2. Procrastinating half the day. To keep it short, my 3 favourite ways to get out of a procrastinating state are:



      - Swallow that frog. What´s this means is simply to do the hardest and most important task of the day first thing in the morning. A good start in the morning lifts your spirits and creates a positive momentum for the rest of the day. That often creates a pretty productive day.



      - How do you eat an elephant? Don´t try to take it all in one big bite. It becomes overwhelming which leads to procrastination. Split a task into small actionable steps. Then just focus on the first step and nothing else. Just do that one until it’s done. Then move on to the next step.



      - The Get around to It Paraliminal. I find this guided mediation to be very useful. After 20 minutes of mostly just lying on my bed and listening I’m far more productive for a few days. I don´t feel the urge to sink into that procrastinating state or the need to find out what’s new over at one or five of my favourite websites.







      3. When actually doing something, doing something that isn’t the most important thing right now.



      One of the easiest habits to get stuck in, besides procrastinating, is to keep yourself busy with unimportant tasks.



      To be effective you probably need some kind of time management-system. It might be something really simple, like using the 80/20-rule at the beginning of each day. The 80/20 rule, or the Pareto Principle as it´s also known, says that you´ll get 80 percent of your results from only 20 percent of your tasks and activities. So you need to focus most of your energy on those few important tasks to be effective.



      When you have prioritized using this rule just write down the top 3 most important things you need to do that day. Then, from the top, start doing them. Even if you just get one of the things done, you have still done the most important thing you could do today. You may perhaps prefer some other system, such as GTD. But however you organise your work it’s still of highest priority to find the most important tasks so you don’t spend days, weeks or months doing busywork that isn’t that essential anyway. Just getting things done faster isn’t that useful if the things you get done are unimportant to you.







      4. Thinking too much.



      And thereby seldom taking action. Paralysis by analysis can waste years of your life. There is nothing wrong with thinking before you do something. Do some research, make a plan, explore potential upsides and problems.



      But compulsively thinking and thinking and thinking is just another way to waste your time. You don’t have to examine everything from every angle before you try it. And you can’t wait for the perfect time to do something. That time never comes. And if you keep thinking you’ll just dig yourself down deeper and deeper and taking action will become more and more difficult. Instead you just need to stop thinking. Shut of your mind – it just helps you up to a point – and go do whatever you need to do.







      5. Seeing the negative and downsides in just about anything.



      When you see everything from a negative perspective you quickly punch a hole in your own motivation. You find faults everywhere and problems where there are really none. You cling to details. If you want to find a reason to not do something then that’s no problem. From a negative viewpoint you can find ten reasons every time.



      And so very little gets done, you whine to anyone who wants to hear – and many who don’t – about how crappy your job, life and boss is. Which becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy as you create the life that is appropriate considering how think and see your world.



      A solution is to realise the limits of a negative perspective. And that your perspective isn’t some kind of 100% true picture of the world. Then try other perspectives. For instance, trying to establish a habit of seeing things in a more positive and optimistic light can be quite useful. In that vein, you may want to try the Positivity Challenge. It´s not easy, but if you do the challenge and try to only think positive thoughts for 7 days it can give you an insight in how much your perspective and beliefs changes how you interpret your world. And what results you get.







      6. Clinging to your own thoughts and being closed to outside influences.



      It can be hard to admit that what you thought or believed was not the best alternative. So you cling to your thoughts harder and harder and keep your mind closed. This makes it hard to improve and for instance to become more effective. Even really considering the possibility that you can change your life can be difficult in this position.



      One solution, obviously, is to open up more. To open up and learn from the mistakes of others, from your own mistakes and from other sources like books. This is easy to say though. It can, as almost anything, be harder to do. One suggestion I have is to, like I said about the previous habit, realise the limits of what you know and the way you going about things. And then just try something new.



      Another tip is to read A New Earth by Eckhart Tolle and especially look at the chapters about the Ego. If you stop identifying so much with your thoughts and your Ego, as Tolle prescribes, it becomes a whole a lot easier to let new ideas and thoughts come into your life. And to let go of old thoughts that aren’t useful to you anymore. On the other hand I’d like to add and counter-balance with these tips: don’t get stuck in reading, in just taking in new information either or you might become a self-help junkie. Use the new information, put what you have learned in to action and try it out.







      7. Constantly on information overload.



      With information overload I don’t just mean that you read a lot. I pretty much mean an overload in all input. If you just let all information flow into your mind it will be hard to think clearly. It’s just too much stimulation. A few more potential downsides to this habit are:



      - Some of the input you receive will be negative. The media and your surroundings often put a negative spin on things for various reasons. If you aren´t selective in what input you want in your life then you’ll be dragged into this negativity too. This affects how you think, feel and act.



      - It creates an urge to keep up with what’s happening but there are always ten more things happening so you can’t keep up. This makes life stressful.



      - It becomes hard to make decisions and take action if your mind is constantly bombarded with information or trying to sort through it all. Personally I find that if I get too much information it leads to a sort of paralysis. Not much get´s done. Or you get stuck in habit #3 and keep busy, busy, busy at high speed with low priority activities.



      To be able to focus, think more clearly and take action it´s useful to be more selective in what you let into your mind. When you work shut out as much distractions as possible. Shut off the phone, internet and shut the door. It is strange how much you can get done when you aren´t interrupted every fifth minute or have the opportunity to procrastinate by checking your RSS-feeds or favourite websites.



      Now I´m not suggesting that you should stop reading all blogs or newspapers. But think about what you really want to read and what you read just read to fill your time. And have a look at other areas of input where the doors are wide-open.



      For instance, you don´t have to let in all the negative emotions from your surroundings. If everyone else are procrastinating or are anxiously keeping themselves busy by doing low-priority tasks at warp speed it´s easy to be influenced by that mood. If you have a door, then it might be good idea to shut it and focus on doing more important things.
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    • An_mercury(ISTJ)2011-09-18
      基本都可以做到避免,不過懶得時候做事拖拖拉拉也是很正常的吧
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    • 默默的Echo(ISTJ)2011-09-18
      社交方麵,本能要求我缺席,很不習慣那種場合,是我沒掌握交往技巧吧
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    • 安安安好·~(ESFJ)2011-09-17
      哇!!基本有啊我
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